Charging an electric vehicle is a very simple process, but it’s not just about plugging it into a power source. Proper charging will ensure that our vehicle’s battery is always in top condition, thus ensuring the vehicle’s performance.
Factors such as Watts, Volts, and Amps play a role in the charging process, but also the type of battery the vehicle vehicles, or the cables connecting the vehicle to a post, plug or power cord. The charging station you use. Suspect? Don’t worry, we’ll get rid of them.
2. How are electric vehicles charged?
The BESEN battery is an essential component of an electric vehicle. Therefore, in addition to following the manufacturer’s instructions for revisions as specified in your vehicle’s service manual, you must always charge it properly.
In that sense, it’s best not to let it download completely. It is best to charge the vehicle when the battery is below 30%.
Where is it inserted? Generally speaking, charging stations for electric vehicles are located in two strategic locations. In some models, such as the IONIQ Electric, we will find it on the rear or front of the vehicle, such as the KONA Electric.
When we’re ready to charge the vehicle, it’s important to know that we have to plug the cable into the charging point first and then into the vehicle. To unplug it, we’ll do the opposite.
When buying an electric vehicle, in addition to the optional cable, a cable called an “emergency”, compatible with household plugs (Schuko type) is usually included as standard. Be vehicle fuel, because before plugging your vehicle into such an outlet, you should check that the plug and unit are electrically sized for intensive use, such as charging an electric vehicle. Also, you have to take into account that it will always take longer to charge the vehicle using a household outlet rather than using a specific charging point.
- How long does it take to charge?
The time it takes for an electric vehicle to charge the battery is related to the type of connector and the point at which we can charge the vehicle. Basically, in terms of time, recharges can be divided into two types: slow or fast, although there are more divisions within each type. In this sense, the time required to recharge an electric vehicle is between half an hour and a few hours.
- Types of chargers
The charger or connector is a very important factor when charging an electric vehicle. Connector types have not yet been standardized globally, so there are various plugs with different sizes and characteristics.
Although they are currently trying to standardize, we will briefly describe the types of connectors that can be found on the market today: level 2 ev charger type domestic connector, compliant with CEE 7/4 Type F standard, compatible with European power sockets. It has two terminals and a ground connection and supports currents up to 16 A. It’s only for slow charging and has no integrated communications. We can find it on multiple devices.
SAE J1772 connector, or Type 1*, sometimes referred to as Yazaki. It is a specific North American standard for electric vehicles. It has five terminals, two for current, ground, and two complimentary for proximity detection (the vehicle cannot move when plugged in) and control (communication with the network). Class 1 for slow charging up to 16 A. Class 2, up to 80 A, for fast charging. *You won’t find it in Hyundai models sold in Europe
Mennekes connectors, or type 2, are German industrial connectors, VDE-ARE 2623-2-2. There are two types: single-phase, up to 16 A, for slow charging, and three-phase, up to 63 A (43.8 kW), for fast charging.
Combination Single Connectors (CCS) have been proposed as a standard solution in North America and Germany. It has five terminals for current, ground protection, and communication with the network. Support slow charge and fast charge.
The Same connector, or Type 3*, also known as the EV Plug-in Alliance, is primarily supported by French manufacturers. It has five or seven terminals for single-phase or three-phase current, grounding, and communication with the network. *You won’t find it in Hyundai models sold in Europe
- Charger maintenance
Electric vehicles require accessories not found in conventional vehicles. This is the case with the cables we vehicles in our vehicles, or the charging points or charging stations we install at home or at work so that our vehicles don’t lack the power they need to run.
In addition to keeping our vehicle in good condition and following the instructions indicated by the manufacturer in the vehicle repair manual, vehicles out a proper inspection in the official workshop of the brand and always drive efficiently, perform adequate preventive maintenance on the above-mentioned accessories. The performance of our electric vehicles is equally important in optimizing their performance.
Cost for charging an electric vehicle?
Charging the batteries of our electric vehicles requires a price, depending on whether we are charging the vehicle on the home network or the public network.
If we choose to charge the vehicle on our home network, we can do so at the charging point installed in our personal garage or at the charging point we can install in our community garage. In any case, if we have to increase or not increase the electricity we have already contracted, we must consult our energy company without changing the rate.
As for charging on public networks, the price range may vary. There are free charging points as well as other paid points. The average price paid in our country is 0.55 EUR per kWh. In Electroliner calls, the price is usually around EUR 0.50 per kWh, including taxes.