Shelves are independent structures of buildings, fixed on the ground, where goods are stored. Thanks to storage in industrial racks, we can optimize the surface and height of the building, although it also depends on the equipment and systems we want to use. What is Warehouse Racking? Before choosing the right shelving for our warehouse, we must take into account some considerations:
- The amount of cargo they can hold.
- The maximum weight they can support.
- Accessibility to store products.
- Characteristics such as the shape and size of the load cell.
These factors, coupled with the characteristics of the shelf itself and the optimization of the space, determine the most convenient storage of industrial shelves.
Primary storage system for industrial racks
Our main storage systems when using industrial metal shelves are divided into:
- Regular storage.
- Compact storage.
- Dynamic storage.
- Flash drive.
- Conventional storage
Traditional shelves are multi-layered metal structures with the separation between them tailored to the load. The main feature is their lack of depth, and pallet racks and pick racks can be combined in the same block, as it is common to prepare orders in the same aisle. Traditional storage includes storing pallet loads and loose items that are handled manually. The high position is used for filling pallets, while the low position is used for order preparation. Warehouses that need to store various pallet references for each product use this storage system. These shelves are available in two models, differentiated by the bottom of the shelf.
- Pallets: Floors or pallets are sheet metal or wooden shelves. It can also consist of drawers, drawers, or locations for packages and small items.
- Pallet Rack: The base consists of stringers or horizontal bars on which the pallets rest. These racks only allow palletized goods to be stored.
Some conventional racks are placed on rails that allow them to move laterally, thus eliminating aisles by opening only the working aisles. These metal racks seek to increase storage capacity without losing direct access to each pallet.
Key Features of Traditional Storage
The main feature of conventional storage is:
- Easy and quick control of the product: each hole has a tray, when the merchandise is sorted and organized, it is easy to detect whether it is in stock or not. It allows direct access to each palette without having to move or move other palettes. Thus, picking or preparing orders can take place within the storage aisle. Although it is suitable for different types of loads, it allows a logical allocation of the available space. We can emphasize that traditional systems are easy to implement and adapt to management software and survey to know about Warehouse Lighting for Sale.
Compact storage, also known as stack storage, includes the formation of palletized cargo blocks up to the height permitted by the mechanism. The racks themselves form internal loading channels with pallet support rails. When vehicles enter these interior lanes, the loads are raised above the height at which they will be stored. Forklifts are the most commonly used mechanisms, they cycle forward when they enter to store or carry a load, and back when they leave empty or with a load. We have two types of shelves for compact storage.
- Drive-in racks: deep positions that form a set of supports, at the back, on the wall and a single front aisle for maneuvering and vehicle circulation. The biggest disadvantage of these shelves is that the products have to follow the LIFO exit standard (last in first out, last in first out).
- Straight-through rack: It is installed in the form of an island, and there are motorized and circulating channels on both sides, which is convenient for vehicles to work on both sides of the rack.
The main advantage of this type of shelf is that it facilitates the exit of goods through a FIFO standard (first-in, first-out, the first pallet to enter leaves first).
- We have found that the main benefits of compact storage include:
- Excellent use of the warehouse, both in volume and surface area.
- Better protection of stored goods; since some loads are not placed on top of others, it will not be squeezed.
- Save hallway space.
- Reduce maintenance and forklift costs.
Compact storage is referred to as high-density storage because of its excellent occupancy in terms of surface area and volume, making it more suitable for situations where large quantities of low-to-medium turnover products need to be stored. The space savings between compact storage and traditional storage can become very relevant, and these space savings can be a decision criterion for the best storage system to use.
Dynamic storage is used for items that require perfect turnaround, as inventory flow responds perfectly to one of two exit criteria, FIFO or LIFO. The system also enables compact storage and there is always a tray available at the exit, which means less processing time. Live racks are compact metal structures with roller tracks for pallets or loads. They are installed with a slight slope to allow the load to slide. They are also equipped with speed-controlling brakes and put stops at the ends to keep cargo from leaving. Depending on the mechanism by which they work, they can be motorized or gravitational.