Introduction of fees
Dice and card games, especially popular in the annual markets, soon awakened the business sense in the Frankfurters. In 1397 there were certain taxes on the right to gamble at local trade fairs. In medieval Mainz, too, people quickly realized that entertainment and recreation was good business. The council rented a local theater and instituted a kind of gambling monopoly.
Introduction of lotteries
Lotteries, which have existed since at least the time of ancient Rome, developed somewhat differently. They experienced a rise in the fifteenth century and quickly flourished in many countries. “Pak Kop Piu,” very similar to today’s lottery, was imported to the United States by Chinese immigrants. In the 19th century, the U.S. lottery brought in huge sums of money to finance government spending and public improvements. Nevertheless, the legalization of lotteries remains a hot topic in the U.S. to this day.
Gambling: morally questionable?
But back to the 16th century, when Luther Calvin’s ideas spread across Europe and radically changed attitudes toward gambling, entertainment, and pleasure. In his view, gambling undermined honest work, and even the old societies recognized that gambling was immoral and destructive. These ideas reached their apogee with the Puritans.
Construction of gambling clubs
In the 17th century gambling experienced a boom, and Germany could boast gambling clubs in all the major seaside resorts. The most popular games in these clubs were Pharao, Trent-et-Quarante and Ecarté. In France the situation was similar. Gambling spread even on the battlefields of the Revolution. Under Henry IV, hunting permits were sold by the magistrate. When Louis XVI came to power, gambling took on a huge scale. Because, after reading Pascal’s “History of Roulette or Trochoid and Cycloid,” the Minister of Police legalized roulette. And the flip of a coin became a prime example of the theory of chance, independence, and probability.