In the U.S., Europe, and Asia Pacific, molecular diagnostics is a collection of techniques used to analyze biological markers in the proteome and genome, and how their cells express their genes as proteins, applying molecular biology to medical testing.It is used to detect genomic variants to facilitate detection, diagnosis, sub-classification, prognosis, & monitoring response to therapy. Molecular diagnostics provides the essential basis for any successful application of gene therapy or biological response modifiers. In short, molecular diagnostics is referred to as the detection of genomic variants, aiming to facilitate detection, diagnosis, sub-classification, prognosis, and monitoring response to therapy.
Molecular diagnostics combine laboratory testing with the precision of molecular biology and has revolutionized the way clinical and public health laboratories investigate the human, viral, and microbial genomes, their genes, and even the products they encode. Molecular diagnostics is an important discipline in pathology that involves studying disease-related molecules in the tissue and body fluids. It provides a new level of diagnostic capability and is critical for the development of gene therapy. In addition to disease identification, it is used to determine the minimal residual disease state. For example, molecular testing can identify tumor-specific gene expression and help doctors tailor treatment options to each patient’s specific needs.
As per market survey by Coherent Market Insights,Molecular Diagnostics Market is estimated to be valued at US$8,623.2 Mn in 2017 and is expected to witness a robust CAGR of 11.5% during the forecast period (2017-2025).
It is an advanced field of medicine that involves the analysis of DNA and RNA sequences to identify potential red flags. Over the years, this field has grown rapidly, with the development of numerous molecular tests. Among the most common molecular tests is a DNA or RNA gene analysis. Using this process, physicians can discover whether a person has an inherited disease or an acquired one. Molecular diagnostics can also be used to identify fungal infections. Fungal infections are increasingly common, and molecular methods can be used in conjunction with live culture. Thus, it is an important diagnostic practice. The method has the potential to replace or supplement live culture as a valuable part of patient care.
Molecular diagnostics is widely used to diagnose diseases and determine the causes of them. These techniques are often based on sequences of cellular or molecular DNA. The development of molecular diagnostics started decades ago and was initially applied to the study of infectious diseases. Then, the field began to grow as recombinant DNA technology was developed and sequencing became more sophisticated. It is also being used to create new types of diagnostic tests. Molecular diagnostics are increasingly used to guide patient management, from diagnosis to treatment, especially in the fields of cancer, infectious disease, and congenital abnormalities. The use of molecular diagnostics has expanded over the years.
Molecular diagnostics are widely applied, powerful, and sensitive techniques used to identify biologic markers in a genome and proteome, detecting bacterial genes and measuring expressed bacterial infection-specific proteins.It is a part of the laboratory medicine, which relies on the detection of individual biologic molecules. On research and development of precision medicine various government economies are focused on diagnostic tests, which is expected to increase the use of molecular diagnostics in the U.S., Europe, and Asia Pacific.