Urology is a medical specialty devoted to studying, diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases related to the urinary system. These include kidneys, bladder, genitals, ureters, and urethra. The two sub-specialties are pediatric urology (pregnancy complications or birth defects), which deals specifically with these areas in children, and geriatric urology, which focuses on treating urinary problems in older adults. Urologists use a variety of treatments to help their patients, including surgery, medication, and radiation therapy. They may also recommend lifestyle changes such as diet or exercise modifications. In this article, we look at some of the common treatments you can get from a specialist in urology in Kingston. Read more below.
The prostate is a small gland located just in front of the rectum. Its primary function is to produce semen. As men age, their prostate may gradually enlarge, leading to problems such as difficulty urinating and an increased risk of infection and cancer. If you are experiencing symptoms related to an enlarged prostate, your urologist may recommend one or more treatments. Non-surgical treatments, such as medication and radiation therapy can help control your symptoms. Your doctor may also recommend surgery to remove the enlarged part of the prostate gland.
When the ureter is obstructed, it means that uncontrolled amounts of urine are collected in your kidneys. The most common cause of this condition is kidney stones or gallstones. Another potential cause may be an enlarged prostate blocking the flow of fluids out of the bladder. The symptoms associated with this condition will depend on its severity and which part of the ureter is blocked. Your doctor may recommend a non-surgical treatment, such as medications or placing a stent in the ureter. If that doesn’t work, surgery to remove or bypass the obstruction may be necessary.
A kidney stone is a complex mass of mineral and acid salts that form in the kidneys. They are usually small enough to pass through your urinary system, but you may experience pain or bleeding if the stone becomes lodged in the ureter. Your doctor will review your medical history and conduct a physical exam to determine what type of treatment is recommended. Non-surgical treatments include passing a catheter through the urethra into the bladder to help flush out the stone and medication. If these methods don’t work, your doctor may recommend surgery.
Urinary incontinence is the involuntary loss of urine. It can range from small leakage to the complete inability to control urination. There are many causes of urinary incontinence, including childbirth, menopause, nerve damage, and prostate problems. If you are experiencing this problem, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes, such as increased water intake and doing Kegel exercises. If those don’t work, you will need to have a thorough exam to determine what is causing your incontinence so that effective treatment can be prescribed.
In summary, urology refers to a medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases related to the urinary system. It helps treat various conditions such as urinary incontinence, kidney stones, enlarged prostate, and ureteral obstruction.