Your gynecologist might advise you to combine the IUDs with another form like condoms until the IUD becomes effective. An IUDs surety of protecting you against pregnancy depends on the device and time of insertion in your uterus. Dr. Pamela Snook asserts that some IUDs might start working instantly when your gynecologist inserts them within the initial seven days of your menses. The good thing about IUDs is that the devices can last you for up to ten years, and you can contact your doctor for removal at any time.
How do IUDs work?
Like any other birth control form, IUDs work by barring the sperm from getting to and fertilizing your egg. However, you cannot use the devices as abortifacients- to interrupt a pregnancy. The combination of the IUD’s plastic frame and the medication the birth control form releases impairs sperm function, preventing fertilization and implantation.
The best time your gynecologist will suggest an IUD insertion is when you are on your periods when your cervix is open. Though the process is fast, taking approximately 10 minutes, you might feel mild cramping.
What should you expect during the insertion?
While some women might not have post-procedural side effects, others might feel mild backache, spotting, and cramping. Your doctor might ask you to take it easy after your appointment. You might also need to use heating pads and pain relievers to ease your cramping.
What IUD types are you likely to have?
There are several types of IUDs your doctor might suggest. However, the various types fall into two categories:
- Progestin – releasing IUDs (hormonal)
- Copper – Containing IUDs (non-hormonal)
The categories work in distinct ways. For instance, hormonal IUDs are likely to make your periods lighter and less painful. In some cases, you might not see your periods at all. On the other hand, the non-hormonal IUDs may cause you heavy, painful periods which will fade over time. Do not be hesitant to contact your gynecologist when the device is causing you pain and other side effects you are not comfortable with.
How are you likely to feel with an IUD?
Once your gynecologist inserts the device in your cervix, a string of about 2inches will hang out, reaching the top of your vagina. Fortunately, you will not realize the hanging strand though you might feel it when you insert your fingers into your vagina. Your doctor will advise you not to tug the strand because you might pull it out or displace it. You might have a minimal chance of the IUD slipping out of place, especially during the first three months after insertion. However, the displacement can only happen during your menses. If you check out and realize the string is not there, the chances are high the device slipped out. Therefore, you are not safe and can conceive at any time. Your doctor might advise you to use condoms or other contraception forms in the meantime as he works out on a solution.
Inserting an IUD into your uterus can be uncomfortable, with pain and mild cramping. Fortunately, the side effects will take a few minutes to resolve. Contact your gynecologist for further inquiries on IUDs and how the device protects against unplanned pregnancies.